1. to provide help and support 2. to make a vehicle move backward 3. to move backwards
1. Julia would back me up if she were here.
2. I backed up the car to the garage.
3. Back up a bit so everyone can see.
1. reserve a seat 2. no rooms or seats etc. available
1. I booked a table for two at 8.00. 2. The courses quickly get booked up.
It is not healthy to bottle all your feelings up like that
1. end of a party or meeting 2.To stop a fight 3. finish a relationship
1. The meeting broke up without any agreement.
2. No police officer showed up to break up the fight.
3. Has he really broken up with Sara?
1. to mention a subject 2. look after and educate a child 3. Throw up
1. Why did you bring up the subject of politics?
2. I was brought up by my grandparents. I was brought up Muslim.
3. I had a burger for lunch and quickly brought it up.
1. reach the same standard as other people 2. to do what needs to be done
1. to spend time finding out what has been happening to someone you have not seen. 2. If you miss a lot of classes, it’s very difficult to catch up. 3. I have some work to catch up on. I need to catch up on some sleep. 4. I’ll leave you two alone_ I’m sure you have got a lot of catching up to do.
1. to become less sad 2. to make a place more attractive
1. Cheer up! The worst is over. You both need cheering up, I think. 2. I bought some posters to cheer the place up a bit.
to make a place clean
I spent all morning cleaning up.
1. putting things back where they belong 2.Disappearance of an illness 3.to explain or solve something
1. I don’t mind you using my stuff as long as you clear up afterwards. 2. The infection cleared up without treatment. 3. There are a couple of points we need to clear up before the meeting.
1. Come close to you to speak 2. Problem or difficulty appears 3. A subject is mentioned 4. Job or opportunity becomes available
1. She came up and started talking to me out of the blue. 2. The same problem comes up every time. 3. My name didn’t come up in the conversation. 4. A vacancy has come up in the accounts department.
a problem appears suddenly
A problem has cropped up so I may be working all night.
1. to cut something into small pieces 2. To suddenly drive in front of a moving vehicle
1. Could you cat the pizza up, please? 2. Some idiot cut me up in the motorway.
think of a plan or idea
I have to keep dreaming up new activities to keep them amused
Come up with:
1. to think of an idea, answer etc. 2.To produces an amount of money (informal).
1. I came up with some new ideas when he told me about what had happened. 2. How am I supposed to come up with $10.000? I wanted to buy it but couldn’t come up with the cash
to be in a particular situation, especially when you didn’t plan it.
1. I don’t want to end up like my parents.
2. He came round for a coffee, and we ended up having dinner together.
3. If you eat it, you may end up with a nasty stomach upset.
1. to stop doing something 2. spend time 3.to stop trying 4. give something that is yours to someone else 5. to end a romantic relationship with someone 6. to stop hoping
1. Why don’t you give up smoking? He gave up his job and started writing poetry.
2. I usually give up a couple of hours a week to learn French.
3. You shouldn’t give up so easily. I gave up searching for the key and went home.
4. I gave up my seat to the old lady and stood. She was under pressure to give the baby up.
5. I knew deep down that I should give him up.
6. He had been in comma for six month, and doctors had almost given up on him.
to develop from being child to being an adult.
What do you want to be when you grow up?
1. to finish a phone conversation 2. to hang clothes
1. I said goodbye and hung up. Don’t hang up on me 2. He took her coat and hung it up.
become healthy and normal again
1. How long will it take for the cut to heal up? 2. This cream is good for healing minor cuts and bruises.
1. to continue doing something 2. to manage to do as much or as well as others 3. to go as quickly as others 4. to pretend everything in your life is normal and happy.
1. Keep up the good work. I don’t think I can keep this up any longer. 2. He is having trouble to keep up with the rest of the class. 3. I have to walk fast to keep up with him. 4. To keep up appearances, they still go to the best restaurants.
Kick up a fuss:
to complain loudly about something (informal)
Mum will kick up a fuss if she sees such a mess.
1. improve and get better SYN pick up 2. Find information in a book etc. 3. To visit someone you know.
1. Hopefully, thing are looking up these days. Or things are picking up these days. 2. Look the word up in your dictionary. I’ll look up the train times. 3. Don’t forget to look me up when you are around.
Look up to:
to admire or respect someone.
I’ve always looked up to my older brother. He’s been an inspiration to me.
1.To produce a story, song etc. 2. to prepare something by mixing things. 3. constitute 4. to work at times when you do not usually work. 5. to become friendly with someone again. 6. do something to show that you are sorry
1. Can you make up a bottle of milk for the baby? 2. The class is made up of ten smart students. 3. Is it OK if I make the work up next week? 4. Oh come on! Why don’t you just kiss and make up. 5. I’m sorry was late. To make up for it, let me treat you to a meal. 6. I’ll make it up to you somehow 7. When you are the boss, you can make up your own rules.
to admit you have done something wrong. SYN own up. (informal).
Come on, fess up! Who ate that last cookie?
1. to lift something or someone up 2. to buy something (informal) 3. take someone somewhere by your car 4. Learn something by watching or listening 5. To tidy things that someone else has left untidy.
1. The phone rang and I picked it up. Mummy, can you pick me up. 2. Please pick up a bottle of milk on your way home. 3. I’ll pick you up at the station. 4. I picked up some of my English only by watching comedy series. 5. I’m tired of picking up after you
1. to increase in quantity or amount (informal) 2. to arrange thing in a pile.
The work just piled up and made me want to scream.
Tiny doughnuts piled up in a dish.
1. to put a picture or notice on a wall 2. to attach something to a wall 3. to let someone stay in your house and give them food. 4. Give an amount of money 5. Increase the cost of something
Can I put up some posters?
My dad put up five shelves.
The hotels were full and my friend put me up for a few days.
My father put the money to start my business.
Hotels put up their prices in the summer.
Put up with:
I can’t put up with his interference any longer.
No need to put up with his violent temper.
1. To become interested in a new activity 2. to start a new job or responsibility 3. to accept an offer 4. to make a piece of clothing shorter
I took painting up for a while, but soon lost interest.
I will take up the management of the IELTS department.
I decided to take up her offer to go out, if it still stands.
The skirt was too long so I had to take it up.
1. Increase the sound, heat etc. 2. To arrive at a place 3. An opportunity happens
I’m a bit deaf; please turn up the radio. Turn the oven up to 220.
He turned up late, as usual. You can’t just turn up and expect a meal.
Don’t worry; I’m sure a job will turn up soon.
1. to close down a company. 2. To bring an activity, meeting etc. to an end.
Business was so awful that he had to wind up the company.
It’s time to wind things up- I have a plane to catch.
Just to wind up, please summarize what we have decided.
to connect wires in a building
Check that the plug has been wired up properly.
1. a careless mistake that causes confusion 2. disarrangement
I always mix him up with his brother. They look so much alike.
I must have got the times mixed up.
My papers got all mixed up.
درباره موسسه برنا
موسسه زبان های خارجی برنا در آذرماه سال ۱۳۸۳ تأسیس شد و آغاز به کار کرد. این موسسه در طول یک دهه گذشته توانسته است با استفاده از اساتید مجربی که عمدتا در کشورهای اروپایی زندگی کرده و با فرهنگ و ظرافتهای مربوط به هر زبان آشنایی کامل دارند، دورههای آموزشی منحصر به فردی را برای ۶ زبان خارجی انگلیسی (آیلتس)، ایتالیایی، روسی، فرانسوی، آلمانی و اسپانیایی برگزار نماید.